V o 00 o 6- > ^ The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln Deathbed Accounts Excerpts from newspapers and other sources From the files of the Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection ~> l ■>/■,.<? _Oz- ... .ir DkhONSTBAtiOH at Gkoton Jvnctio*. We l.avo ti lU'tailcd u^coont of ft public meeting ;h< Id at Grotou Junction on Saturday afternoon to no- tice in uu appropriate manner tuc President 's death, but luive uot room to publish it.'TJusinrs.s » aa suspended aud the whole people united in the -ud *crviees. lienj. F. Feleb presided and made a | brief address. Rev.Mr. Skinner, Mr. Gerrishol \ Shirley and sensral others spoke, and un appropii- j ate series of resolutions were adopted. j i One ot two men who had rejoiced at the Presi- dent's death vrere made to rccaut and to asU the forgiveness ot the public. -7/ ft Deathbed of Lincoln GEN. FILE Sec ue at Lincoln 'a Deathbed. Tbe Urst Hoor of the house where Mr. Lincoln had just been carried was com* poeed of three lutui, opening on tbe aame corridor. It wtus in tbe third, a email room, that the dying man lay. His face, lighted by a gas jet, under which the b( (1 bad been moved, was pale and livid. His body had already the rigidity of death. At intervals ouly the still audible s mni of bis breatbiag ooald be faintly heaid. and at intervals again it would be lost entirely. The surgeons did nut cnici c ;iu hope that he mi^ht reoover a niomrut's couselansuess. Judge Will- iam T. Oito, a thirty years' friend of Mr. Lincoln's, was standing at the bedside, holding bis band; around the bed stood, also, the Attorney General, Mr. Speed, and tbe ltev. Mr. Gumey, past >r of the cburoh Mr. Linoolu usually attended, Leaning against the wall stood Mr. Stanton, who gazed now and then at tbe dying man's face, ac* who seemed over- whelmed with emotion. From time to time be wrote telegrams, or cave the or- ders which, in the midst of the crisis, as- sured tbe preservation of p-sace. The re- maiuing members of tbe Cabinet, and suvcral senators aud generals, were pacing up aud dorn tbe corridor. Thus the Light passed on. At last, toward seven o'clock in tbe mcruiug, tbe surgeon an- nounced that death was at hand, and at twenty minutes aflur sevea the pulse osaseu beating. Etery one present seemed theu tt> oojergo from a stupor iu which the hours of m^IiL bad been spent. Mr. Btanton app.oaehed the bed, closed Mr. Llnooln's ejes, and, drawing the sheet ever the dead mau'a head, utteied thc^.e words, iu a vtiy low voioe : "Lie is a maa fur the sg-s." — Ser ibncr't Magazine. Scene at tlio UeuiliBed of Mr. Lincoln At Carlisle, Pa., recently, the Presbyteri an Synods of the old and new schools being in session ai the same- place, the two bod les met in communion with «ieai harmony; Rev. Dr. Gurley, pastor of the church in Washington which President Lincoln usu- ally attended, in a speech at the table gave the following narrative, which has uevrr before been made public: AVhen summoned on that sad night to the death-bed of President Lincoln, I en- tered the room fifteen or twenty minutes before his departure. All present was gathered anxiously around him, waiting to catch his last breath. The physician, with one hand upon the pulse of the dying man and the other hand laid upon his°heart' was inteutly watching forth* moment when life should cease. He lingered longer than we had expect ed. At last the physician said :— "He gone ; he is dead." Theu I solemnly believe that for four > five minutes there was not the slightest noise or movement in that awful presence ' We all stood transfixed in our positions, speechless, breathless, around the dead body ot that great and good man. At length the Secretary of war, who was standing at my left, broke the silence and ■ said, "Doctor, will you say anything?" 1 replied, "I will speak to God." Said he, "Do it just now-" And there, by the side of our fallen chief God put it into my heart to utter this peti- tion, that from I hat hour we and the whole Nation might become more than ever unit- ed in our devotion to the cause of oar be- loved, imperilled country. When I ceased, there arose from the lips 8i the entire company a fervid and spen tuneous "Amen !" And has not the whole heart of the loyal Nation responded "Amen!" Was not that prayer, there offered, re- sponded to in a most remarkable manner ? When in our history have the people of this land been found more closely bound to gether in purpose and heart than when the telegraphic wires bore all over the country the sad tidings that President Lincoln was dead. 954 before him he declared that there was no other trans- lator in England of one tenth her ability. Her best life was so ungrudgingly given to others, and her modesty was so refreshingly feminine, that Mrs. Austin, either as authoress or as woman, is almost unknown to the new generations. And yet, aside from her peerless juridical labors, she deserves to be well known by her latter-day sisters, if for no other reason than as a possible ideal for the newer womanhood. Sylvia R. Hemliey. At the Death-bed of Lincoln. In The CENTURY for June, 1800, and February, 1893, were published letters bearing upon the question of who were present at the bedside of President Lincoln when Surgeon-General Barnes, who held the pulse of the dying chief, announced his death at 7:22 a.m. Partly in the interest of the truth and partly as a matter of family pride, I wish to add two names hitherto omitted by The CENTURY. The names are Richard J. Oglesby, then gov- ernor of Illinois, and General Isham N. Haynie, both of Springfield, Illinois, and both warm personal friends of Mr. Lincoln. In a letter written to me by Governor Oglesby he describes the events of that terrible night, and the scene at the bedside as Secretary Stanton broke the silence by saying, « Now he belongs to the ages." General Haynie's diary also lies before me, and per- haps I may be justified in quoting a passage which pic- tures Mr. Lincoln only four hours before his assassina- tion. Under April 14, 18G5, General Haynie wrote: At five o'clock ibis afternoon Governor Oglesby and I called ar the White House. .Mr. Lincoln was not in, hut just as we were going away his carriage, with lii iii- selt', wife, and Tail, drove up. Tlie President called us back. We went up into bis reception-room and had a pleasant, humorous hour with him. He read four chap- ters of Petroleum V. Nasby's book (recently published) to us. and continued reading until lie was called to din- ner at about six o'clock, when we left him. The above was written sometime between six and ten o'clock, before General Haynie had heard of the fatal shooting. During that little call Mr. Lincoln was in a specially merry mood. He laughed heartily over Nasby's hook, and told his friends of his intention of going to see Laura Keene at the theater that evening. He, in fact, urged Governor Oglesby and General Haynie to accompany him, but a business engagement prevented. The diary continues: At 11 p. m. Governor Oglesby and myself were ad- mitted to the room where the President lay dying. Re- mained until alter the President bail passed away. He died at 7. 'J'-' A. M. to-day. Tlie excitement baffles des- cription. The horrors of last night have no parallel in memory or history. The cabinet all surrounded the dying chief; General Meigs, General Halleck, General Hardie. Colonel Vincent, Rev. Dr. Qurley — all present. The Secretary of War was busy all night preparing and sending despatches; Surgeon-General Harms holding the President's arm, feeling his pulse: tlie Cabinet seated around, ami some standing ; ( ioveinor Oglesby at tlie head of the bed, and myself near the door. The President lay with his feet to the west, his head to the east; insensible; in comatose state ; never I spoke. The two friends accompanied the body of the beloved President on its last journey to Illinois. They were a part of the delegation appointed by his native State. General Haynie drafted the resolutions of the citizens of Illinois who met at the National Hotel in Washing- THE CENTURY MAGAZINE. ton to take steps relative to the death of Mr. Lincoln. To Governor Oglesby more than to any other one man is due the fact that the martyred Lincoln sleeps to- day on the green slopes of Oak Ridge in the beautiful city he loved so well. The nation and the national capital claimed his remains, but Governor Oglesby in- sisted that they belonged by right to Illinois. Edwin C. Haynie. £ FOUR PERSONS LIVINl ? r* WHO SA W LINCOLN DIE h *> »-i:«s HERE arc but four persons living who were at the bedside of Presi- dent Lincoln when he died, a few minutes after 7 o'clock on the morning of April 15, I860, says the Washington Star. These are Secretary John Hay, who was one of the President's private secretaries; Col. Hubert T. Lin- coln, the President's oldest son; Dr. Leal of New York, who was a surgeon in the acm> at the time, and Mr. H. S. Safford of Springfield, Mass. All of the distin- guished group about the bedside, includ- ing Secretary Stanton, Senator Sumner and many others, have passed away. Mr. Safford was an employe of the ordnance department of the army and lived at the house, lie is at present living in Spring- field, Mass., and in describing the scenes at the time of the President's assassina- tion and death said: "About 10 o'clock, hearing an unusual commotion in front of the house where 1 was, I went to the window and saw the audience pouring out or tne theater, panic stricken. When the bearers of the Presi- dent had brought him nearly across the street some one said 'Where can we take him?' There was no response, and I shouted 'Bring him in here.' The Presi- de ut was carried into the house, where he died. "Whoever said anything. reflecting up- on Mrs. Lincoln's love for her husband would not have done so had he witnessed the scenes of that night. She was de- tained at the theater after the President was taken out. on account of her ner- vous condition, and when she reached the house she cried frantically: 'Waoro is my dear husband? Where is he; where I is he?' Though Mrs. Lincoln had prom-j ised to be calm while in the room, she, gave way to her anguish and was drag-; Ked from the bedside of the sinking ( President by main force. I "That night many of the most famous men in the country passed in and out of the small chamber in which Lincoln lay, dying. Graphic pictures havo been drawn of the deathbed seen.- surrounded by a group of notables. There were, however, only a few present, 'those of greatest prominence being Charles Sumner, Schuyler Colfax, Attorr.oy-General lineed, Hugh McCollough, Secretary Stanton Postmaster-General Der.mson, Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, ard Lin- coln's son Robert, then a beardless youth. Mr. Safford has several interesting souvenirs. One is a piece of white lace torn from Mrs. Lincoln's scarf. Another is a lock of the President's hair, cut from about the wound. The mo.;t treas- ured relic is one of the two-cent pieces .-placed upon the President's eyes to close them. Mr. Safford said that the owner of the house in which President Lincoln died was obliged to charge a small admission fee to protect himself, and that in spite of the utmost care the carpet and furniture of the room was lit- erally hacked to pieces by patriotic van- dals. Hemphill. J. C. By J. C. Hemphill. IT in for us, the living, to highly re- solve that Government of the people, by the people, for tho people shall not perish from the. earth. This Is the message that comes down to this generation from the blood-stained heights of Gettysburg since they were BpoUcii from that mountain, top nearly fifty years ago. The voice by which they Were spoken has been still this many a Weary year; but the message stands. Of hltn muy bo said what he himself Baid of Washington In a birthday address to the Springfield Washlngtbnlan Temper- ance Society in 1S1J: On that name a eulogy Is expected,. It cannot be To add brightness to the tun, or glory to '.he name of Washing* toil Is alike impossible. Let n me attempt it. in solemn awe pronounce the name, and in Its n-.Ued, deathless splendor ' leave it shining on. AT 20 minutes past 10 o'clock Fri- day evening, April 14, 1805, Abraham Lincoln was shot by .John Wilkes b'ooth in the back of the head behind the left ear and mortally Injured. At 22 minutes pa; 7 o'clock the next morning, Sat- xmiay. April 15, 1805, he died. No bloodiei deed is recorded in the files of time. No people have ever paid so dearly as the Southern people for this atrocious act of u madman in no sense affiliated with them in sentiment or purpose. All this happened marly forty-eight years a^o There have been many and vast changes since that fateful day, ami the prayer which Lincoln prayed that the country might be one again lias been answered in a way that would have rejoiced his great heart. Not an anniversary of his birth ami death has passed since Ids cruel taking off en Which some tribute lias not been paid to his memory, and so it will be to tho end of time among generous Amer- icuns, wherever their residence or in- herited sentiments; for however ho may have been misjudged in the con- fusion and stress of antagonistic opin- ion, there are none so Bourbon now who do not praise him for his courage and his faithfulness to his honest con- victions. Had he lived until next Wednesday Mr. Lincoln would have been 104 years of age. He was born in Kentucky Feb. 12, 1800, and died in Washington April 15, 1M15, in his fifty-seventh year at the very zenith of his powers. Ilia life and death are commemorated by Tin; Ni;\v YORK Times to-day, as loyal now to his memory as it was ' ' zealous in the cause lor which he dieob nearly half a century ago. The books are full of the story of his life and work, but there ure still many interesting facts connected with him that have not yet been noted, notwithstanding the Industry of thoso v, ho have collected great masses of everything they could find in any way connected with his life and death. Mr. Lincoln, as every one knows, was shot by Booth while lie was at- tending a thoatrlcal performance at Ford's Theatre in Washington. " Our American Cousin " held tho boards that night and Laura Keene was playing the part of Florence Trenchard for the last time. She had already per- formed the same part for a thousanOL nights. Five years before she hail played tho r61e ut McVlckar's Theatre, in Chicago the night of the day on which Mr. Lincoln was nominated for President by the Republican Conven- tion, in May, I860, and all unconscious of the terrible tragedy, she played with uncommon cleverness, and while yet the theatre was ringing with laughter. and applause, came the crack of the | pistol shot from the President's box, | that plunged the country into mourn- i \ iug- After Mr. Lincoln had been shot he| was removed across the street from ! the theatre to the residence of William Petersen, a highly respected merchant tailor, who lived directly opposite the, playhouse, at 51b' Tenth Street. This 'house is still standing, as is also the old Ford Theatre, and both are now,' owned by the Government. There have been few changes in tho Petersen i house. It is to-day very much what it was tho morning Mr. Lincoln died) in it, and has been converted into a,' museum for the collection of articles In any way related to the President. For forty years Osborn H. Oldroyd bus been devoting himself to the as- sembling together of this invaluable collection, in which are included more than three thousand relics,' which con- stitute, as Elizabeth Porter Gould has said, " one of the most Interesting and valuable ever collected in behalf of a human being." The collection con- 1 tains two hundred and fifty funeral i sermons, about seventy pieces of music, j a thousand volumes relating to Lin-1 coin, three hundred portraits, bust;-, and medals, photographs of Booth, pict- ures of the assassination, the family cradle in which tho Lincoln children wcro rocked, an original black locust rail split by the young nun, then never dreaming of the place he was to till In tho history of the world; the family Bible t'n.m which Lincoln's mother read to him when ho was a boy, and literally thousands of other things in some sort associated with the mur- p\ dcred ['retident. Twi nty-elgmj ycam ago Frank Car- penter wrote for the American Press i Association a thrilling story of some gruesome reminders of the assassina- tion of Mr. Lincoln. They wore in the possession of Fred Petersen, the son of William Petersen, In whose kpuae Mr. Lincoln died. Thtse relics h two plain pillow cases stained with blood and clotted with brains and a blood-stained QUilt originally a beuutlf-.l piece of Irish worsted work, "tiie colors of which, strange to any. Were rod, white and blue." At the tin)'; of Mr. Lincoln's assassination, Petersen v...-; 10 years of a «, and lie told this tiory: •■ i in •_•),.. pillow case President l-in- colj) la;, wnen to was first brought In, but U soon necamo saturated w ih blood. ..iid Secretary Stanton asked me for another. I brought him this (tak-j lng up the second pillow case), and on' this he died. The scenes are fresh now BS i'" lie; hid huppened but yesterday. 1 i\as :! home for my ICaster vacatlqn,! I and my father lived in the brick house | just opposite Ford's Theatre. This I theatre was then the leading one of | Washington, and a bo?: was always re- | served for Lincoln. I was well ac- ' quainted with the theatre people, and I i knew the ins and outs well. Lln- ' coin attended the theatre often, and ' he was surpris d one time to see youn Tad on the stage, dressed up to repre- sent of the minor characters. Ha did not know him at first, . uls actions seemed strangely familiar, and when ! he saw who it was lie DUVBt into a ha- ll l which called the attention of the' house to ills box. t •' I knew Wilkes Bootl} very well, ana he sometimes slept at our house. HP was a tall, well-made >omg fellow. and ho had large olack eyes and luxuriant black hair. He w. i ■■ nerv- ous, erratic, strange man; and It Is a curious th.v.g that he slept I » ltol.se a week before this deed WM done, and under this same coverlid upon which Lincoln dl< d. ••The assassination, you know, oc-l [curred on the night of the Wth of April and I saw Booth lhal morning 1 riding u little sorrel mare down P< : sylvaula Avenue, it was not far of! ■ from Willard-s Hotel that 1 saw hinl. and I was then on my way to play j b ill on the grounds just below the White House. Winn tho game «;, 5 I ,Vor I wenl horn • and had supper. I AJJtci supper I wenl to th, th atre. ', but l did not go to Ford's, as I had | Often seen the ' American OoUBin, but I went to anoth-r theatre, where •Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp' was being played. •• vs 1 started out to go to the the- atre I saw the President's carriage drive up to Ford's, and President L co l n iu ,d some other gentlemen and ladies got out. After I had been at The theatre but a short time the man- ager came to the front of the stage and said that the performance bad to slop, as the President had been shot at Ford's. Tlw crowd made a rush for J (^ Hcynp"' " iiws had e walilc 1 1 • was at j o nrl HI ' J the door.-*, ami l tried io go home. '* As I reached the corner of Tenth find E Streets, a block away from the, theatre, I heard some men gathered^ around a follow whom they had caught \ hold of, and yelling) 'Hang lnm.' bang him!' They were standing under a sycamore tree, and one of them suggested that it was a good place to string him up. The wretch was a poor fellow who had nothing to I do with the assassination, but whom i they suspected. I pushed my way past , these men and finally got to the door ■ of my father's house. Two soldiers J were in front of it. I tried to pass] them, but they said: ' You ean't go! in. The President is lying in there.' 1 ' nut I live' here,' I replied. 1 ' That makes no difference, you '• can't go in," returned the soldiers. | "'1 will tiro if I can't get in:' i muttered to myself as I slipped around , to a shutter which I knew could be I opened, and climbed into tin window. , : The first man I met was my ftithvl'. j i and he told me the President was lying , in the room the actor Matth ews h i I j formerly occupied, and that ht ; me to help him. My sister school at Bethlehem, Penn., and m mother was there with her. So 1 was practically alone with my father." " Did Lincoln die in the room into which he was first carried?" "Yes, but this room has not been' 'well represented in *he pictures of the scene. It was a small, narrow room in the rear of the house and just at i the end of the entrance hall. It was about 10 ieet wide and 15 feet long, j j It was very plainly furnished, and the walla were covered with brown and J White stripes of paper running up and down froi- the floor to the celling I Some engravings and photograph j i were hanging on the wall, [here .v.r. j Petersen pointed to some cheap pic* lures upon the walls of his room where we were sitting,) and these pictures were among them. The furniture ot the room was very simple. There was. merely a bureau, a little black walnujM bedstead, and a few chairs. ""When I came in tin; President w;:a lying on the bed. His face l.iokcd ' ghastly, and the blood Was still flow- ing from his wound upo • the piilows. | The blood flowed fast and the pillows) I were saturated. A J-umber of he Cab-j linet inc uding Edv»n Stanton, Solmonj P. Chase, Seere:ary Weils, and others,! I stood beside the bed. and several doc ! ! tors were present. Charles Sumner .--at on the bed ' Holding the President'^ i hand, and sobbed like a child. There 'were tears in the eyes of nearly every man present, and now and then they tried to speak with the President. Bui he was unconscious. He lay Willi Lis bead on this p illow, and bis eyes, ailj j blood shot, almost protrud'ed'from their , 'sockets. His face twitched, and it 1 ■looked as though be was trying to j speak, but I suppose the action of bis features was involuntary." "Was Mrs. Lincoln present'.'" 33 ■ asked. ""No, ..l this time she was in an ad- joining room, and Robert was there trying to comfort her. She was sob- bing and crying, and during that night. I she came now mid Hien to the bed, und burst into a flood of tears, and : then Went away, sobbing, into the oilier room. The doctors wanted f.omo hot water and battles, and asked mo. to get them for them. Wo had :i hot 'ire in the kitchen, and I had the cook put the hot water in the bottles and bring them in. The doctors then placed them about the body of the President, rub- bing his limbs all the time to keep tho blood in circulation. I helped them, and stood at the foot of the bed, rub- bing ins right leg. At this time all hope had not been given up, but as the_ night wore on the prospects be- | came very gloomy, and the scene comes j before me to-night. " Between 3 and 4 o'clock I got very sleepy, and was sitting on a trunk at tho foot of the bed and nodding. Sec- retary Wells touched me and said: 1 ' My boy, you are tired out, and you , had better go out and get some sleep, I and we will call you if we need you.' At this I went into the next room and sat down upon a rocking chair. I was soon sound asleep, but in a moment > rough hand caught my shoulder, am Secretary Stanton's voice said: ' Mj boy, this is no time to sleep, am you had better go in and watch.' 1 then returned to my place, but I could not keep my eyes open, and I finally went into the back room and slept till i dawn. It was just light when I re- j turned to the death chamber. Pres- 1 ident Lincoln was breathing so heavily I that you could have' heard him In any j part of the house..! His face was death- like, and his jaw had fallen down upon hia breast, showing his teeth. So lie remained until 7:22, when he died. " I have never seen a correct paint- i ing of the deathbed. A lot of cheap [• things were thrown upon the country at the time, but they were not in ae- ccrdauce with tho facts. Mrs. Lincoln is painted in these pictures as kneeling at tliu bedside and holding her hus- j bund's hand as the life went out of j 1 is body. She was, in fact, not in tho | room. The Cabinet were, however, ail pr sent, und -all. were weepi ng. - ' Ch a/iea 'Simmer ;w:d Robert Lincoln, st jou vo- Sethor and S-. mner's arm Was ..irown around young Roburts shoulders. Sum ner was crying, and young Lincoln was sobbing. " I then, left the house and went to tell my father who was at his store. It was a na-i-.y cay. As I opened the; door I saw that it was drizzling, j cloudy, and dark. There was a guard j around the house, and also one sta- tioned on each of the corners, ubo.o and boiQw. I gave the first announce- ment of the death to them and through them to the outside world. I got ' father and when I came back the ! Pre* dent was all black about the eye j «riC forehead. I p;n my hand on ma race, and it was as ccld as stone. j "Soon after this Mr. Lincoln was taken from the house. His body was | wrapped up in a couple of blankets and i ca.ried to the eniba.lrncr's. It was then l'.M out in state in tho East Room ! of £?-;». White House." j '"'You do not own the house in which Pi't-fcident Lincoln died, Mr. Petersen? "I " Xo; all is changed now, and these' relics Which 1 have me the last prac I Ueal i videm es u» ihu President's last Buffering*. The room in which he died lias been changed, and we have sold tha house to its present owner, Lo-ls Shade. We got SM.0OO for It, and tho buye» took It bcjausu he though'- the Coven. >•' n- would use H as a maseum, and he asked, some time ago, SjW.OUO •or it. These p'.o.ures and the*o pit low cases are all that Is left of the furniture We sold the bed upon -which the President died for $80. and 1 .nlnli it is now in Syracuse, N. Y. No one has ever slept under this covcHf. tince thai tasiiU and we would not Ihluk^of using KT I do not think it should be : sold to any one. It should be pro- I served for a museum. We could have I sold 1* time and again. " it is wonderful the desire people have for collecting relics o* Lincoln. They came for clays after 'ho Pres- ident's death to see the room in which he died, and they stole everything they could get their hands on They ! snipped pieces out of Hie curtains, j pulled paper off of the. walls, and even I carried away the mustard piasters we ' used that night. When Hie President I was carried over from tho theatre to I the house that night, some drops of I his blood fell upon our doorstep, and 'the next day men and boys dipped ' little pieces of paper into this blood and carried them avay us mementoes. " The day after the assassination was Sunday, and Washington was j draped in black, and all tho preachers preached funeral ser"ions over him. " I don't like to think of it." con- cluded Mr. Petersen, as he folded up [the, blood-stained pillow cases and quilt. "Tho scenes of it sorac'linc3 haunt me like a nightmare, and I al- most wish that I had not been a part of them." There are other relics of the sort' owned by Mr. Petersen that have *ieca In the possession of Mr. George Rector, proprietor of the Rector Hotel In thia city, for more than forty vears. These relics consist of the Olood-stajred. pillow on which Mr. Lincoln rc-to., his head when he was in his deat 1 : ugo des and the bolster which was be»ea"h it. and the picture of " The Village lilacr- smith " which :iung over tne bed o», which the President lied When the war began Mr. Rector, then a lad about twenty years old, enlisted in the Eighth Heavy Artillery of New York, and for three ,ears did gallant service at the front. His regi- ment was under thj command of Col Peter A. Porter, ani belonged to th Second Brigade, Seco.id LVns:o.j, Se .ond Corps, under tne co tun ma Winfield Scott Han-uuK. After three years at who tTont Mr, Rector entered the s.-rv't^e or hi Gov- ernment as a cle.k in tne »Va< iJepart-. ment at Washington, A'here he re- mained for two years, and djrlng this time ho met .vtioo LoJse Petursei, the eldesi daugn.er jf William Petersen, and was marrijd io her :u Aiay, 3SG1V on his twenty-f:fth Dinhuav. Whei\ Mr. Lincoln was jhot no .vas carried, as. already r.Oied, »'. o.n ino .noutre to the Petersen V.ouse j.iu was .aid upon the bed in .Vifj Lo«..se Pei-rsen s <oom oi»| ..ho first fioui vi .ho ouilding, where he died At eh j .in io sne .*;<;* absent! from hjine atte.uing u female seni J. c ' HI....V ... peui'lSitr.li, IcWI,, Olid U U.I.*. lliua .niii a ;t chuinuor bceania tlie /\-H l^vvU^, -^-<X-. % 1115 javUA'u/ fo« AoruNuiii Lincoln from SUl'l.T .0 jeaCctl ft.rii. itectpr died some years a«o, but: her jusouud ji-i<) preserved the/, precious, ;h,ugh tfiuevodHj, tejlca that,- cubjo Ui.j nia poaS'-ssion turough aera ai>il would present them lo tho (Jov- 1 ern.uent to «(iat under ita protection they .iu n hi be preserved for all um»' ii> .•(•in.ii i .he peopiu of all coming generation* «>: the life that tins man' lhed ami the death he died. Thcro me jnly iliiuo persons now llv« .ny Wfio hnow 100 diaiory of thesa A relics— llr», Welnsing; who wual Pauline l'o.cr,sen, of Baltimore; Fred Petersen, a rcLired jar pet merchant, iiuh- res'uing >ri Baltimore, and Mr.( FioctQi cf this town. It wool "i bo well if these reminders' of one 01 tho mont infamous cr lines evei coin/pitted In tho «:i\ilizod worm Louhl he added to! tlio murvoloua coliccilun of Lincoln] relies at , , Wasinngion. Tlie pillow .owned by Mr. Hector Is covered with blood ua distinct a i most' to thia day ,..-> wr.en it ■ wa» ai,ed in Washington now nearly lit. li a century ago. Tiio ;miu\v. tiiowa some black marks; besides t:.c biood ataina, which am Supposed to liavo beet) made by a pair of rubbe. iu'ioes worn by Mr, Lincoln i he n.Kht oi rua mu.*utv, which wevq b^ridled up with the uedclothcH iu tho to.'ilhlc contusion of tho ni^rit. Tha Illustrations, tlie first th;U nave over been printed of these relics, show tho bicoi. stains, They were nude from special photograph;; taken for Tun Times by the p esent Ura Hector and will remind the rendei o. a fearful in- cident in the History of this Nation and of the immorta'Sty wnich eainc to I, in- colp through hla Fiari'lyos to v.he cuuni try and his suUonui, «uto ueath. George Rector, Who Owns Lincoln Kejics. C- Vol. LXVII. No. 7 February 12, 1913 Whole Number 2»5» N K W S P A P E R , P E B R U A R V I * , I 9 I * The Morning Lincoln Died HOW A GRIEF-STRICKEN NATION WAS PRESENTED WITH THE FIRST AND POSSIBLY ONLY ACCURATE SKETCH OF THE DEATH SCENF. OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN. R y C i; R O E S II E R I I) A N EDITOR'S NOTE:— We are indebted lo Capt. Osborn H. Oldroyd. founder of the museum in the house in which Lincoln breathed his last, for much of the information which this article contains. Mr. Oldroyd is undoubtedly the most faithful Lincoln student in the United States. It is a pleasure to pay him this tribute. i !■■ ■«*:,. LINCOLN ON HIS DEATHBED. A famous picture drawn for ''Leslie's" by its special artist. Allien Berg ha u a. on April lf». I86.S, two days after the President was shot at Ford's Theater, by John Wilkes Uooth. h was published in "Leslie's" of April 29, 1865. This was the first and probably the most accu- rate picture made of that memorable scene. The artist took the greatest pains to locate the positions of the distinguished men present and he reproduced the details of the room with perfect fidelity. The death room Is In a house opposite the theater, now utilized as a Lin- coln Museum. There are hosts of visitors to this historic place every year. Left to right. standing: J. (J Ike, II. UIke, Mr. Karnsworth, Mr. Petersen, Jr., Chief Justice Chase, Mr. Colfax, Postmaster-General Dennison, Mr. Proctor, Mr. Petersen, Charles Sumner. Robert Lincoln, Rufus P. Andrews. Genera] Meade, Surgeon Crane, General I la Heck. Mr. Sanford. Secretary Stanton. Seated: Secretary Welles, Surgeon Stone, Surgeon-General Barnes. T CAPT. O. II. OLDROYD. death scene of Abraham Lin- cluii has been depicted thousands of times, and in the costliest and most elaborate engravings, but the highest prized sketch of that greatest hu- man interest moment in the history of the nation is a drawing by a faithful FRANK LESLIE'S artist who gained access to the chamber before any of his colleagues. To the accuracy of this man's pen, we owe an everlasting debt for the most reliable and graphic representation of the last sad hour. His performance was hailed as the most spectacular journalistic feat of the time, because In 1 drew the ear- liest picture of the scene, and without doubt, the first one which was ever published. When Lincoln was shot, by John Wilkes Booth, at Ford's Theater on April 14, 1N65, two army paymasters rushed to his box, among other citizens, and then one ol them ordered the President's carriage to take the dying executive to the White I louse. Dr. Charles Taft, a surgeon in the audience, who by the way was not related to Presi- dent Taft, hastily countermanded the order and directed that the President be moved to the nearest bed. Lincoln would not have jived to reach home, because the jolt- ing over the cobble-stone pavement would undoubtedly have brought on a fatal hemorrhage. Thus it was that the mortally wounded victim was taken across the street from Ford's Theater lo the plain little home of William Petersen, a tailor. So eager were men to help that they tore theater chairs from their fastenings that those who were carrying Mr. Lincoln might have room. On reaching the street, the tearfid group made its way to the porch of the house. A man was standing on the stoop, the door was open, and there was a dim light in the hall. Those who bore the President were relieved to find a neat bed- room at the end of the hall, and there the unconscious form was tenderly laid. "The single bed was pulled out from the corner of the room, and the martyred Presi- dent laid upon it, diagonally, his extreme length not admitting of any other position," Dr. Taft afterward related to Capt. Osborn II. Oldroyd, who has made such a thorough study of accurate Lincoln data- "I then ad- ministered a small glass of brandy and water, and it was swallowed without much difficulty. Twenty minutes afterward, I gave him another leaspoonful, but it was not swallowed. To the whole anterior sur- lace of the body, from neck to ankles, sina- pism was applied, with the hope of restoring vitality, but not the smallest sign of con- sciousness was shown by the patient from the moment I saw him in the box until his death." "All through the long, weary night tin watchers stood by the couch of the dying President," Mr. Oldroyd told me, taking up the narrative, "lie was unconscious every minute from the lime the bullet crashed into his brain — which was at twenty min- utes past ten o'clock at night — until the dawn of day, when the tide of life ebbed out. About seven o'clock in the morning Dr. Stone, the family physician who had been in attendance along with Surgeon-General Joseph K. Barnes, announced that death was at hand. At twenty-two minutes past seven the pulse ceased beating. "Secretary Stanton approached the bed and uttered, in a low voice: Noli) he belongs lo Ike ages. Rev. Phineas I). Gurley, the President's pastor, dropped upon his knees by the bedside and uttered a fervent prayer. Never was a supplication wafted to Heaven under more solemn circumstances. Or. Gurley went to the front parlor, where he prayed with Mrs. Lincoln. At the con- clusion ol the prayer, he, with Robert Lincoln, assisted her to the death cham- ber. "At nine o'clock soldiers placed I he body of the President in a temporary coffin, wrapped it with the American Mag, and car- ried it lo the hearse. The soldier squad wilh 1 .rir.rrl ,<f .•■■, -.I-.- f^lt. ...-,.. J I.. C ■ oral C. C. Augur ami other military officers on foot, formed the procession, which moved up Tenth Street lo (",, thence to the White House, where the body was carried in by soldiers. Every loyal man fell that he had suffered a personal bereavement, and as the sad news spread throughout the city the rain began to softly fall, as if the heavens were weeping for the nation's loss." The following clay Leslie's artist gained admission to the room in which Lincoln had died. William T. (lark, a soldier belonging 10 Company O, 13th Massachusetts In- fantry, was the occupant of the place and Captain Oldroyd has a copy of a letter which Clark wrote in which he vividly re- fers to the artist's visit. It is lo his sister, is dated Wednesday, April 19, 1S65, and reads : To-day the funeral nl Mr. Lincoln Hikes place The streets me lieinc .Tended at this curly hour (!i a.m.) und Uto procession will probably nut inovr fur three bourn. The past few days have been of Intense exeltemenl ; arrests iirr numerously made — If any parly is hcurd 10 utter nocuab sentiments. The time has come when persons CUMOl s.iv what they please, for the people] ure awfully Indignant . 1 1 uiiili 1 ils dally call ut the house to pain entrance to my room. I was eiujnucod nearly all Sunday with l'n.iNK Lksuf.'.s special artist, aidinifhim in making a com- plete drawing of the last momenta of Lincoln, a-s I Know the position of everyone percent. He suc- ceeded In ncrrutlllg a line sketch, which will appear in their paper. So careful of details was the artist that he depicted a copy of an old engraving which hung on the wall. Herring's "Village Black- smith," which still hang* in the same place. He even caught the curious slant of the top of I lie ceiling over Lincoln's dealh-bed. CO Sixtv1iTti " eC ° rd J 01 ! 6? N0> m '" Wwhlngtcn, Tuesday, June 1, 1926 Sixty-Ninth Congress, First Session The Passing of Lincoln EXTENSION OF REMARKS OB" HON. JAMES A. EEEAE ov wisconsin In this House of Representatives Tuesday, June 1, 1926 Mr. FREAK. Mr. Speaker, several days ago it was my privi- lege to have a highly interesting interview with CorpL James Tanner, once commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, a man who lost both legs in the Civil War, and an able, rugged, forceful man to-day, who cures nothing for titles nor honors beyond the plain name of " corporal," which he earned when a boy of 17 in the- Army, and when so frightfully wounded in battle. He was called upon by Secretary Stanton and others as a stenographer to be present on that terrible night when Lincoln was assassinated. The facts related by Corporal Tanner imme- diately surrounding the events of that night are of such wide- spread interest and supply a chapter that may not have been preserved elsewhere, that I have asked the privilege to place in the Record his recent letter to me and his statement of what transpired within his own knowledge on the night of April 14, 1SG5. In doing this let mo further say it is at the request of my father, now living, aged nearly 92 years, a veteran of the Second Wisconsin Cavalry, who served three years and six months during that great war and fought under Lincoln to save the Union. On this day, following the impressive memo- rial exercises held throughout the land yesterday, I feel the timo and circumstance la opportune for their insertion in the Record; &SOISTBR of Wilu, United Status Couutuoci.su, WastUiiyton, D. 0., May 7, 10ZS. Udu. Jam&s A. FiiWAu, Uoutsa of HepresenttUives, Washington, D. 0. Mt Dbajj MR. FiiKAHi Thanks for your very compliineutary commu- nication. While I would not dealro to be thought ua seektag publicity; Congressional Record Vol . 6? No. 1A3 Sixty-Ninth Congress, First Session Washington, Tuesday, June 1, 1926^" 1926 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD— APPENDIX 10425 because of my accidental participation In the supreme tragedy of Uils Nation and all of iU history, I have no objection to what you proiKisc, of placing that urtiele in the RB0ORD of Congress, for I can readily see that the matter la Of very general Interest to all our millions of inhabi- tants. Tliis, not at all because I wrote it, but beeauso or their Interest In the toweling subject of what I wrote. It lias never been In the BBCOOD, In one way or other, the subject matter baa been printed, but never collectedly, to Illustrate: As 1 (old you, for 50 years 1 have attended the annual encampments of the Grand Army of the Republic; never missed one since I began In 1870. Well, It was gem rally known that I bad hern In that death group and the reporters would come for an Interview, and generally, tiny would mangle what I gave them, plenty of misstatements, and whatever they got they would cut it to suit their cloth, and the " cloth " was the space they could give it, und even after I wrote this article some years ago, I would lake a copy or two along to I ho na- tional encampment, and when they would come at me about this mat- ter, bund them this slutement, they would take it, but they would measure what Bpace they hud in their paper and Invariably cut It, ti ml never once gave it In full, and I never felt more like bitting u man iu cold blood (though I guess I was suddenly hot under the collar) as when a sprig of a reporter tackling me about it, said, "So you were really at Mr. Lincoln's deathbed?" I said, " Yes ; there's my account of it. Don't pour more questions on me," and with u smirk, be remarked, "It must have been an interesting occasion." I certainly would have smote him if I had had the physical ability. You are at perfect liberty to do whatever you sec bt with It. Cordially yours, Jamics Tannuo. t1iu passincj oit abba.ha.m lincoln Among all the characters who loomed largo In the public mind from 3 801 to 1865, one camo to stand apart and alone in supremacy, finally recognized almost unanimously the world over as without a peer. It took the perspective of many years to enable US to get a correct viow of (ho greatness of his character, his transcendent intellectual endow- ment, the utter unselfishness of bis purpose, bis absolute devotion to the Interests of the Nation, which had called him to its leadership and the great agony endured by his loving, gentle heart as he stag- gered under bis awful burden, an agony never equaled since the Savior of mankind passed the night in the Garden of Gethsemane. Our people have shown iu a thousand ways, und particularly lu his recent centennial, that every atom relating to the life of Abraham Lincoln Is of Intense and conlinuous Interest to them, aud because of this and because of the fact that I was a spectator of the Anal scene of the supreme tragedy of that time on the morning of April lo, 1805, I pen these lines. At that lime f was an employee of the Ordnance Bureau of the War Department and had some ability as a shorthand writer. The latter fact brought me within touch of tho events of that awful night. I bad gone with a friend to witness the performance that evening at Urover's Theater, where now stands the New National. Soon after 10 o'clock a man rushed In from the lobby and cried out, " i'resident Lincoln has been shot In Ford's Theater." There was great confusion at once, most of the audience rising to their feet. Some one cried out, " It's a ruse of the pickpockets; look out I " Almost everybody resumed bis seat, but almost immediately one of tho cast stepped out on the stage and said, " The sad news is too true ; the audience will disperse." My friend and myself crossed to Willard's Hotel and there were told that Secretary Seward bad been killed. Men's faces blanched as tbey at once asked, "What news of Stanton? Uavo tbey got him, too?" The wildest rumors soon tilled the air. I had rooms at the time in the house ndjolulug tho Peterson bouse, into which the President bad been carried. Hastening down to Tenth Street, I found an ulmost solid mass of humanity blocking tho street und the crowd constantly enlarging. A silence that was appalling prevailed. Interest centered on all who entered or emerged from the Peterson bouse, and all of the latter were closely questioned as to the stricken President's condition, i'rom tho llrst the answers were un- varying — that there was no hope. A military guard had been placed in front of the house and those adjoining, but upon telling the commanding olllcer that I lived there I passed up to my apartment, which comprised tho second story front of the house. There was a balcony in front, and I fouud my rooms and the balcony thronged by the other occupants of the house. Horror was In every heart and dismay on every countenance. AVe had just about a week of tumultuous Joy over the dowufull of Richmond and the collapse of the Confederacy, aud now In an instant nil this wus changed to the deepest woe by the foul shot of the cowardly assassin. U was nearly midnight when Major General Augur (mine out on tho stoop of the Peterson House and asked If there was anyone In tbo crowd who could write shorthand. There was no response from the street, but one of my friends on the balcony told the general there was a young man Inside who could serve blm, whereupon the general told hiui to ask uie to come down us they uecded me. So it waa that I enmo into close touch with the scenes and events surrounding the tlu.'il hours of Abraham Lincoln's lifo. Entering tho house I accompanied Genera] Auger down the hallway to tin; rear parlor. As we passed the door of the front parlor tin* moans and sobs of Mrs. Lincoln struck painfully upon our . urs. [Entering tbo rear parlor, I found Secretary Stanton, Judge David ic. Carter, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, Hon. It. A. Dill, and many ethers. I took my seat on one side of a small library table opposite Mr. Stan- ton, with Judge Carter ut tho end. Various witnesses were brought in who had oil tier been la Lord's 'theater or up in the vl inlty of Mr. Seward's residence. Among them were Harry Hawk, who bad been Asa 'Pri ii. Inn el that uli,bt In the play, "Our American Cousin," Mr. Alfred ClOUgbly, Col. G. V. Itutherford, and others. As I look dowu the Statements they made we were distracted by the distress of Mrs. Lincoln, for though the folding doors between the two parlors wire closed, her ir.mi ic sorrow was distressingly audible to OS. She was accompanied by Miss Harris, of New York, who, with Iut liaiiee, Major Balhbone, hud gone to the theater with the President aud Mrs. Lincoln. Booth, iu his rush through tho box after bring the fatal shot, had lunged nt Major Kathbouo with his dagger und wounded blm in the arm .slightly. In the naturally Intense excite- ment over the President's condition it is probable thut Major Bath- bone himself did not realize that he was wounded until after be bad been in tho Peterson House some time, when bo fainted from lots of blood, was attended to, bis wound dressed, und lie taken to bis ujiact- uieiits. lie and Miss Harris subsequently married. Through all the testimony given by those who lind been iu Lord's ►Theater that night there was un undertone of horror which held the witnesses back from positively Identifying the assassin as Booth. Said Harry Hawk, " to the best of my belief, It was Mr. John Wilkes Booth, but I will not bo positive," und so It went through the testimony of others, but the sum total left no doubt as to the identity of the as- sassin. Our task was interrupted very many times during the night, some- times by reports or dispatches for Secretary Stanton but more often by him for tho purpose of issuing orders calculated to enmesh liootb in ills bight. "Guard the Potomac from the city down," was his repeated direction. "He will try to get south." Many dispatches were sent from that table before morning, some to General Dix at New York, others to Chicago, Philadelphia, etc. Several times Mr. Stanton left us a few moments and passed hnrk to the room iu the ell ut the end of the ball where the President lay. The doors were open and sometimes there would he a few BCCOlids of absolute silence when we could hear plainly the stertorous breathing of the dying man. 1 think It was on his return from his Uilrd trip of this kind when, as be again took his seat opposite me, I looki d earnestly at him, desiring, yet hesitating to ask if there was any chance of life. Ho understood und 1 saw u choke In his throat us he slowly forced the answer to my unspoken question — " There is no hope." lie had im- pressed mo through those awful hours as being a man of steel, but I knew then thut ho was dangerously near a convulsive breakdown. During tho night there camo In, 1 think, about every man then of prominence iu our national life who was in the Capital ut the time and who had Iniird of the tragedy. A few whom I distinctly recall WCTO Secretaries Welles, Usher, and MrCullough, Attorney General Speed, und Postmaster GcneralJDennison, Assistant Secretaries Field and Otto, Governor Oglesby, Senators Sumner and Stewart, aud Generals Meigs and Augur. I huvo seen many asserted pictures of tho deathbed scene and most nf them huvo Vice I'resident Andrew John6on seated In ii chair near tho foot of the bed on the left bide. Mr. Johnson was uot in the house at all, but in his rooms iu the Kiikwood House, and knew nothing of tho events of that night until he was aroused In the morning by Senator Stewart aud others and told tb.it be was I'resident of the United States. With tho completion of tho taking of the testimony, I at once began to transcribe my shorthand notes into longhand. Twice while so en- gaged Miss Harris supported Mrs. Lincoln down tbo hallway to her husband's bedside. The door leading into the hallway from the room, Wherein I sat wus open and 1 bud u plulu view of them us they si >«ly passed. Mrs. Lincoln wus uot ut the bedside when her '■ ■ 1 breathed his last. Indeed, I think it was nearly, if not quite, two hours before the end when she pnid her last visit to the death chamber, nnd when sho passed our door on her return she cried out, "O my God, nnd hnvo I given my husband to die 1 " 1 have witnessed and experienced much physical ugony on battle field and In hospital, but of It all nothing sunk deeper In my memory than that moan of a breaking heart. I finished transcribing my notes at 0.45 in the morning and paired back Into tho room Where the President lay. There were gathered all those whose names I have mentioned and many others, about 20 or 23 in all, 1 should Judge. The bed bad been pulled out from tic corner and owing to the stature of Mr. Lincoln he lay diagonally on his back. He had been utterly unconscious from thfl Instant the bullet ploughed Into bis biaiu. Ills stertorous breathing subsided a Couple of minutes i Congressional Record Vol. 6? Mo. Sixty-Ninth Congress, First Session lWj Washington, Tuesday, June 1, 1926 101 »; b OONGRLMIONAL KEOo.ii>~AiTi &DIX JDNU I atti r 7 o'clock, Fr»>u> th*;i to too «-nd Oalj the g<-nlrc iih ai.4 l«»ll of bin huaoui g..vc Indication t tin t IK. ivu.ulned. Xke burgeon .QcMral «n star u>« head ..i tin* bed, «~ im un* « aiiiiug on the edge thereof, his finger on tin' pulse uf the dying man. Occa- n!. .-.ill., he put bis ear down to catch tha i-. ., ulus Lea la uf his heart Mr. I.IucxIu'h |....i ., the Reverend Doctor C irley, Mood a little to tho left of the l<ed. Mr Ntuotoii but lu a chair "far the foot on the left, where th< pkctmes place Andrei ,...,.,.. 1 , tood gull . ueur the bead of the bod iiu.1 from thai position hud full view of Mr. Stanton acroifl the President's body. At my right Robert lducolu boI>iikI ou the shoul d. i of I UlirlSH Smuu. j fciuuton'H tja ■- wan fixed 1 1 . . . . . i .• «a tin' countenance a bin Jj^.j chief. He bad, tn I .-ii Ueou u man uf steel through iut the Hi,. I.., but «.- l looked ui iiiu face across the corner of the bed and >nw tho twitching of tin in .;..<■■ h I knew that it \...., only by a puweriul < aun thin ho .- i.-ii. j ii i. ■ ii Tho Unit Indication tbut the dreaded iud had com.- was ut 22 miauled pant 7, when thi burgeon General gently crossed the puita/ivs* hands of Uueolu across toe motionless breast .mil ro-ie to bin feet. Reverend Doctor Oar ley stepped forward n&d lifting hi» hands begun, "Our Father and our tlod" — I snatched pencil and notebook- from my [i.i.i.'i, but my haste defeated my purpose. My pencil point d had but one i caught lu my coat anu tirokc. and the world loht the prayer— a fni'i - iiii ■ wan only interrupted i>y the si.bs of Btanton n» u« burled his fttet; lu the bedclothca. An "Thy will be done, Aineu," lu subdued and Iremulona tones ri . i. i through that Utile chamber, Mr. .Stanton raised his hand, the tcura Streaming down bin cheeks A more BK'onlni-d ozpresalon I never aiiw on a huuiuu countenance Hd he wotiiied out the words, " He belongs to the ngus now." Mr. stunton directed MaJ. Thumus M. Vincent of the a..n to tuke charge of the body, culled a meeting of tho Cabinet In the room wh"r* we hud passed moat of the nlt'iit, and the assemblage disponed. Coiug to my apart uicrvt, 1 tint iJukii :it 0UCr to uiake a aicoBcl lung hand copy for Mr. Hluuruu of Hie testimony I hud taken. It occurring to me Unit 1 wuhed to retain the one I hud written out that night 1 bud been thus engaged but a brief time, when hearing Home corn motion on the street, I stepped to the window and saw a cninu containing tJ>a body of tho dead President being placed lu u hearse, which pa**ed up Tsntb Klreet to f and thus to the v\ ii 1 1 • - House escorted i > a lieutenant and 10 privates. As they parsed will) measured tread and arm* reversed, uiy bund Involuntarily went t« niy hind lu salute; a- they started on their long, losx,- journey buck to the prniPlC-B mid the Inula be knew and loved *u well, Ihu inorcai remains of the greatest American of all lime, bar none. .Iahi-M 7a:. m * Lute corporul. Company O, Kiyhii/sevf/ith U<.yt*t<nt A«nt York Vehmtctri, Acarnry'i ;'i..<icni, Third Corps, Arm^ »/ (/■« i'uteiiiiit'. Commander in ohief, OiuhU Aimy of the tttiiuiiw, ii~/0 unit tso*. / THE DEATH OF LINCOLN— J. H. Littlefield's conception of the final scene in America's first Farwell, Secretary McCulloch, Governor Oglesby, General Farnsworth, Vice President Johnson, Judge < C. S. Taft, Senator Sumner, Attorney General Speed, Dr. Crane, Rev. Dr. Gurley, Secretary Usher. G« Stone (on bed), Mrs. Lincoln, and Surgeon General Barnes. I Chicago Tribune Febaruary 10, 1929 residential assassination. At the deathbed, as identified by the old-time artist, were, standing: Governor )tto, Speaker Colfax, Postmaster General Dennison, Dr. C. A. Leale, Maj. John Hay, Robert Lincoln, Dr. neral Halleck, "General Auger, Secretary Stanton, and General Meigs. Seated: Secretary Welles, Dr. (Reproduction through courtesy of Chicago Historical society ) Deathbed Scene Groups with Lincoln Presen' Prizes Eicture Of Lincoln on His Death Bed H»- International New* Service- IGRAND JUNCTION, Colo*., Feb. 13. -jOMtual photograph of Abraham LifcelJin on his death bed surrounded 1 by a dozen or more close friends Is I one of the prized possessions of Charles A. Baker, a passenger con- ductor on the Denver and Rio Grande railroad. The picture was given to Baker's grandmother by Mrs. Lincoln within a month of the president's death. "My grandmother and her family," Baker said, "were friends of the Lin- colns in Kentucky, long before Abe Lincoln was on the road to fame. "Lincoln died April 15, 1865, and my grandmother received the photo from Mrs. Lincoln the following May 10. My grandmother in 1868 gave the picture to my mother, Fanny Baker, and she in turn gave it to me before her death in 1917, in Omaha." ^The picture, which Baker says was taken a few moments after Lincoln died shows a group of friends, includ- ing Gideon Wells, secretary of the navy; Edwin N. Stanton, secretary of war, and several prominent military leaders of the Civil war grouped about the bed on which the body is lying. The plate from which the picture was made was destroyed, it is be- lieved, on orders from Mrs. Lincoln. Baker has refused $500 for the pic- | ture. He intends to will the picture to his son, John Mercer Baker. SOUTH BEND INT) NEWS -TIMES SATURDAY, FEBRUARY J.4, iaax. LINCOLN DEATHBED PHOTOGRAPH OBJECT OF LOCAL INTEREST b interest h-m been aroused o recent showing Of the il photograph of Abraham Lincoln, which attracted many people last week. The 'photograph was on display in the window of the Red. Trunk Clothing Co. The photograph is the property of 'Charles vA. Baker, local rail- road man, and it is a 'prized pos- session, llit was given to Mr. Bak- er's prandimother by Airs. Lincoln on May 10, I860, shortly after Lincoln passed away of the bullet wouiwi inflicted by Booth. The picture has been shown here several times and at each showing, new interest is created and it becomes more valuable. An enlargement of the picture was also shown here last week. The actual photograph shows Lincoln on his deathbed, surrounded by members of the cabinet and, Mrs. Lincoln kneeling at his bedside. GRAND JUNCTION COI SENTINEL DEA'iH Lincoln died at 7:22 A.M., Saturday, April IS, 1866. Many prominent officials were present at his death. Secretary of War Stanton at the moment Lincoln died said, "Now he Belongs to the Ages. H Lincoln never regained consciousness after he was wounded. Lincoln died in the same bed in which John Wilkes Booth had slept three months before. Lincoln at the time of his death received the best possible radical services. It would be impossible for medical science today to save the life of any man who had a wound similar to Lincoln's. The days of the iaonth of April for the year 1932 are the same as the days of the came month in the year of 1865, tibA \i deathbed of President Lincoln. He breathed hi* last in presence of kith, km and statesmen. 125TH ANNIVERSARY of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, the "Great Eman- cipator," is being cele- brated by patriotic, civic and political organiza- tions throughout nation. PEORIA JOURNAL-TRANSCRIPT, APRIL 21, 1935 THE PAGEANT OF AMERICA BEHIND THE LINES, CIVILIANS CONFOUND CONFUSION WITH THEIR OWN BITTER WAR (Copyright by Yale University Press) THE DEATH OF LINCOLN Booth's bullet entered Lincoln's head. All through that night his life ebbed slowly with the blood that soaked from his wound. At 7:22, he died, his sad life extinguished almost exactly as its triumph was beginning. DEATH OF LINCOLN— Hidden behind another picture in a frame bought with a number of others for 75 cents at a sale was this 1865 photograph, "Death-Bed of Lincoln." Those pictured are identified on the bottom of the print (left to right) as follows: Gov. Farwell, Sec. McCulloch, Sec. Welles, Gov. Oglesby, Gen. Farnsworth, Vice Presi- dent Johnson, Judge Otto. Speaker Colfax. Dr. Stone. P. M. Gen. Dennison, Surg. C. A. Leale. Mrs. Lincoln. M John Hay, Robert Lincoln. Senator Sumner. Surg. L. b. Taft, Dr.'Barnes, Surg. Gen.. Atty. Gen. Speed. Dr. Crane, Rev. Dr. Gurlev, Sec. Usher, Gen. Halleck. Gen. Auger, Sec. Stanton and Gen. Meigs. The print is owned by Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Skumlien, 1618 Carolina N. E. PJgj, Tragic ends met by a few of them In L rs give color to a tradition a seemingly dark fate attended most persons who were connected with aftermath incident of the assassina- tion of President Lincoln. The legend is not well founded. The old theater, however, Knew dire In. On the evening of the day that Edwin Booth, famous actor- brother of the assassin, was buried at Boston, the interior of the structure, which was being rebuilt, collapsed Twenty-two- men were killed and C8 injured. Last Hours Of Lincoln Described In Shorthand Account Of Witness ANN ARBOR, Mich., Dec. 7— A shorthand account of the last hours of President Lincoln, trans- mitted to a friend two days after the Emancipator's death by a war department clerk who was at his bedside, has just come into posses- sion of the University of Michigan. The manuscript was the gift of Mrs. Nellie Strawhecker of Grand Rapids. Mich., to the William L. Clements library, the university re- pository of many rare relics of America, including- a similar ac- count of the death of George Wash- ington as penned by Tobias Lear, the first president's steward at Mt. Vernon. Corporal James Tanner, then a clerk in the War Department and later commissioner of pensions dur- ing the pension scandal of the Har- rison administration, wrote the ac- count of Lincoln's death to Hadley H. Walch, for many years a court stenographer in Grand Rapids. The manuscript, at Walch's death, be- came the property of his partner who, in turn, bequeathed it to his widow, Mrs. Strawhecker. Corporal Tanner, writing on April ! 17. 1865, said he was summoned to ' take statements of witnesses of the assassination. Reports Scene "I wnt into a room between the rear room and the front room," Tanner wrote in the quaint hier- | oglyphics which he called "standard phonography." "Mrs. Lincoln was in the front room, weeping as though her heart would break. "In the back room lay His Excel- lency, breathing hard and with every breath a groan." In the room between, Tanner said, were witnesses and many digni- taries. "In 15 minutes," Tanner wrote, "I had testimony enough down to hang Wilkes Booth, the assassin, higher than any human ever hung." Of Mrs. Lincoln's last leave-tak- ! ing from her husband, the corporal said: "As she passed through the hall back to the parlor after she had taken leave of the President for the last time, as she went by the door I heard her moan, 'O, my God, and have I given my husband to die.' "And I tell you," Tanner com- mented, "I never heard so much agony in so few words." Then, telling of watching the assassinated President die, Tanner wrote: "I finished my notes and passed into the back room where the President lay; it was very evident that he could not last long. There was no crowd in the room, which was very small, and I approached quite near the bed on which so much greatness lay— fast losing its j hold on this world. Dignitaries Present [ "The head of the bed was toward the door; at the head stood Capt. Robert Lincoln, weeping on the shoulder of Senater Sumner. Gen- eral Halleck stood just behind Robert Lincoln and I stood just to the left, between him and General Meiggs. Secretary Stanton was there trying every way to be calm and yet he was very much moved. "Utmost silence prevailed, broken only by the sound of strong men's sobs. It was a solemn time, I assure vou. "The President breathed heavily until a few minutes before he breathed his last, then his breath came easily and he passed off verv quietly." Dr. Randolph G. Adams, director of the •Clements library, said there was no doubt of the authenticity of the manuscript, written on a War Department letterhead. Dr. Adams said Tanner acknowledged author- ship of the letter before his death in 1927 but it remained in private hands. TOLEDO BLADE: MONDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1936" X)LN, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1938 r / PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN AT LINCOLN'S DEATHBED? Is this a print of an actual photograph taken as Abraham Lincoln lay on his deathbed with' the assassin's bullet in his body? E. A. Bohn, Lincoln fire insur- ance adjustor who owns the photograph, believes that it was actally made in the death cham- ber. Persual of data in libraries over the state, and personal ex- amination of the photograph with a magnifying glass have only strengthened his belief that the photograph is genuine. Care- ful examination failed to reveal any brush strokes or other de- tails which would indicate the print is a photograph of a paint- ing or drawing, Bohn declares. The photograph, about 6 by 3 inches in size, shows marked signs of a long and somewhat hectic life. In 1935, it was hang- ing on the wall in the back room of Art Gordon's drugstore at Merna, Neb. It had hung there for many years, and Gordon knew that the man who owned it before him had had it many years. Fire broke out in the store, and everything in it, in- cluding many of Gordon's per- sonal treasures in the back room, was destroyed. Every- thing, that is, but the Lincoln photograph. Bohn went out to handle in- surance matters for Gordon. He exclaimed so often over the Lin- coln deathbed photograph that Gordon, pleased with Bohn's work as adjuster, presented him with the picture. Now Bohn would like to know if there is in existence any other picture of the emancipator's deathbed scene. There seems to be a pretty good chance that even a photograph of such a picture is a comparatively rare piece. Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation ------ Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor, Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana Number 523 FORT WAYNE, INDIANA April 17, 1939 THE PETERSEN HOUSE The house standing at 516, formerly numbered 453, Tenth Street Northwest in Washington has become one of the nation's most impressive shrines. Here Abraham Lincoln passed away in a room smaller than the cabin room in which he was born. Immediately after the President was shot by the assassin Booth at Ford's Theatre on the night of April 14, 1865, Dr. Charles Taft examined the prostrate body of Lincoln and ordered it removed to the nearest bed. Dr. Taft states that in directing those carrying the body he observed upon reaching the street a man standing on the porch of a house just oppo- site the theatre. "To that house I directed my steps," he said, "and was pleased to find a neat hedroom at the end of the hall, with- i out going upstairs. The single bed was pulled out from the corner of the room and the dying President laid upon it diagonally, his extreme length not admitting any other position." The house to which the body of the un- conscious Lincoln was taken was occupied by the family of Mr. W. Petersen, and the dwell- ing has since become known as the Petersen House. The building, a three-story brick with a "light" basement which virtually made it a four-story building, was under construction when Abraham Lincoln was in Congress in 1849. Mr. Petersen evidently became offended be- cause his home had been called a tenement house by some of the news reporters, and he had this impression corrected by Leslie's weekly which commended, "Mr. Petersen's house in which the President died is one of the most respectable houses in Washington and not a tenement house ... It is one of the highest of its class." There were several roomers in the house, however, and the room where the body of the President was taken was rented by William T. Clark. Four other men were inmates of the home as indicated by this interesting ex- cerpt from Leslie's paper of April 29, 1865 : "Artistic Accuracy "We present to our readers below conclus- ive and unsolicited evidence of the accuracy of our engraving of the scene at the deathbed of President Lincoln: Washington, D. C, 453 10th Street, Sunday, April 16, 1865. "We, the undersigned, inmates of No. 453 10th street, Washington, D. C, the house in which President Abraham Lincoln died, and being present at the time of his death, do hereby certify that the sketches taken by Mr. Albert Berghaus, Artist for Leslie's Illustrated News- paper, are correct. HENRY ULKE, THOS. PROCTOR, JULIUS ULKE, WM. T. CLARK, W. PETERSEN, H. S. SAFFORD." To the artist Berghaus we are indebted for a minute description of the death chamber: "The room in which the President died is in the rear part of the building, and at the end of the main hall, from which rises a stairway. The walls are covered with a brownish paper, figured with a white design. Its dimen- DIAGRAM OP THAT PART OF HOUSE UTILIZED ON FATAL NIGHT. 1. Front parlor occupied by Mrs. Lincoln. 2. Back parlor occupied by Sec- retary Stanton for the prelimi- nary examination of witnesses. 3. Hall bedroom in which the President died. sions are about ten by fifteen feet. Some engravings and a photograph hang upon the walls. The engravings were copies of the 'Village Blacksmith,' and Herring's 'Stable and Barnyard Scenes.' The photograph was one taken from an engraved copy of Rosa Bonheur's 'Horse Fair.' The only furniture in the room was a bureau covered with crochet, a table, eight or nine plain chairs, and the bed upon which Mr. Lincoln lay when his spirit took its flight. The bedstead was a low walnut, with headboard from two to three feet high. The floor was carpeted with Brussels, considerably worn. Everything on the bed was stained with the blood of the Chief Mag- istrate of the nation." One wonders why a much larger bedroom just in back of the parlor was not used in preference to the hall bedroom as it contained a bed, but Dr. Taft's comment and a citation by Mr. Oldroyd may answer the question. Apparently the bed in the large room was not made up, while Dr. Taft refers to Clark's room as "a neat bedroom." A letter which William Clark wrote to his sister Ida four days after the assassination has been preserved and reveals some interest- ing side lights on this last host to the mar- tyred President: "Dear Sister Ida: "Today the funeral of Mr. Lincoln takes place . . . Hundreds daily call at the house to gain admission to my room. I was en- gaged nearly all Sunday with one of Frank Leslie's special artists, aiding him in making a complete drawing of the last moments of Mr. Lincoln, as I know the position of every- one present. He succeeded in executing a fine sketch, which will appear in their pauer. He wished to mention the names of all pictures in the room, particularly the photograph of yourself, Clara, and Nannie; but I told him he must not do that, as they were members of my family, and I did not wish them to be made so public. He also urged me to give him my picture, or at least allow him to take my sketch, but I could not see that either. Everybody has a great desire to obtain some memento from my room, so thr.t whoever comes in has to be closely watched for fear they will steal something. I have a lock of Mr. Lincoln's hair, which I have had neatly framed; also a piece of linen with a portion of his brain. The pillow and case upon which he lay when he died, and nearly all his wear- ing apparel, I intend to send to Robert Lin- coln as soon as the funeral is over as I con- sider him the most justly entitled to them. The same mattress is on my bed, and the same coverlid covers me nightly that covered him while dying . . . "Your affec. brother, "Willie." Sixteen years later the house was in possession of Louis Schade, and the room in which Lincoln died became the playroom for Mr. Schade's children. The memorial asso- ciation of the District of Columbia leased the house and it was opened as a museum on October 17, 1893. It is now the property of the government and its restoration has been directed so as to create the surroundings as they appeared on the night of Lincoln's death. DEATH OF LINCOLN "O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done; The ship has weathered every wrack, the prize we sought is won" "B»th 0/ a Ration," fi, W. Griffith — Photographic History Service, Ho\l]/u:oo4 j JO, This Lithograph Was A Best-Seller THIS CVRRIER & IVES lithograph, "The Deathbed of the Martyr President Abra- ham Lipcoln," 1 * is owned by Mrs. George F. Holland, 1233 Old Orchard avenue. She bought it from a Greenville antique dealer five years ago after finding it m a hayloft, hidden behind a stack of pictures. Currier & Ives, working at a time when newspaper photographers were unknown, turned out many lithographs on events of the day and sold them for a dollar or two each. They are collectors'' items today. \ _ . \ jvwC y^ : ^ x>-*-*-^-*AAa oJHmM > ^ y^ iv~y ^ VU*\y Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana Number 627 FORT WAYNE, INDIANA April 14, 1941 PHYSICIANS AT LINCOLN'S BEDSIDE Seventy-six years ago today, on the fourteenth of April, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated while attending a theatrical performance at Ford's Theatre in Washington. During the period between the time he was shot and the hour when the autopsy was performed the next morning, several physicians visited the bedside of the President. It seems appropriate on this anniversary day to compile the names of such physicians as were known to be present and to note such service as they were able to render. It would not have been possible to present such a complete list of physicians had not Dr. Milton H. Shutes, author of Lincoln and the Doctors made some contribu- tions in this field. The Three Emergency Surgeons There were three doctors at the theatre that evening who immediately responded to the call for a doctor which is said to have come from the Lincoln box. These three men, Dr. Leale, Dr. Taft, and Dr. King, will always be closely associated with the story of Lin- coln's last hours. Certainly no young surgeon but a short time out of medical college was ever called upon for professional service in a more dramatic situation than was Dr. Charles A. Leale who was the first to render medical assistance to the stricken President. Dr. Leale was but twenty-three years of age and was an assistant surgeon of United States Vol- unteers located at Army Square Hos- pital. Upon reaching the President's side he immediately ordered that he be re- moved from the chair and allowed to recline on the floor. Upon finding the wound, he removed a clot which had formed which relieved intra-cranial pressure. Dr. Leale then attempted to stimulate respiration by certain pres- sure on the throat to free the larnyx of secretion. By pressure on the diaphragm with the assistance of others, he stimulated the heart ac- tion and an improvement in pulse and breathing followed. Further stimulation was attempted by forcible in-and- out breathing into the President's mouth which brought about heart and lung action without further artificial help. Dr. Leale then ordered that Lincoln be moved to the nearest bed which proved to be just across the street from the theatre. He supported the President's head while the body was being carried. Later a probing of the wound by Dr. Leale failed to discover the oullet. The second surgeon to reach the box in which Lincoln had been shot was Dr. Charles S. Taft, assistant surgeon, United States Volunteers, who was stationed at the Sig- nal Camp of Instruction at Georgetown. When the call for medical assistance came, he leaped from the top of the orchestra railing to the stage and was then lifted up to the President's box. Dr. Taft assisted Dr. Leale in attempting to stimulate heart action, and he also helped to carry the body of Mr. Lincoln across the street to the Petersen House. A letter written to Mr. Oldroyd by Dr. Taft on March 1, 1900, states that Lincoln was laid diagonally across the bed because it was too short for his long body. Taft wrote, "I then administered a small glass of brandy and he swallowed it without much difficulty. Twenty minutes afterward I gave him another teaspoonful, but it was not swallowed." Dr. Taft recalled that most of the night he was en- gaged in supporting the President's head so "that the wound should not press upon the pillow and the flow of blood be obstructed." The last moments are described by Dr. Taft in these words, "The heart did not cease to beat until 22 minutes and 10 seconds after 7 o'clock. My hand was upon the President's heart, and my eye on the watch of the Surgeon-General who was standing by my side." The third physician to come immediately to the box after the attack on Lincoln was Dr. Albert F. A. King. He also assisted Dr. Leale in helping to stimulate Lin- coln's heart action. When the body of the President was moved across the street, Dr. King placed himself at the stricken man's left shoulder and helped to prevent any unnecessary movements of the head and shoulders. He had also assisted Dr. Leale and Dr. Taft in divesting Lincoln of his clothing and then covering his body with mustard plasters. Abbott, Dr. Ezra W. Barnes, Dr. Joseph K. Crane, Dr. Charles H. Curtis, Dr. Edward Ford, Dr. William Henry Gatch, Dr. C. D. Hall, Dr. Neal (J. C.) King, Dr. Albert F. A. Leale, Dr. Charles Augustus Lieberman, Dr. Charles Henry May, Dr. J. F. Notson, Dr. W. M. Stone, Dr. Robert King Taft, Dr. Charles S. Todd, Dr. Lyman Beecher Woodward, Dr. Ashbel The Three Official Physicians Nearly half an hour elapsed after the President had been placed on a bed before the Lincoln family physician, Dr. Stone, arrived. With him came Dr. Barnes and shortly after followed Dr. Abbott. Just as soon as messengers could be secured after the shooting of Mr. Lin- coln, word was sent to the family phy- sician, Dr. Robert King Stone. Although of different political faith, he was a great admirer of Mr. Lincoln and once said to Carpenter, the artist, "It is the province of a physician to probe deeply the inner lives of men, and I affirm that Mr. Lincoln is the purest hearted man with whom I ever came in contact." It is not known that Dr. Stone did more that fatal night than suggest that another teaspoonful of brandy might be needed. His suggestion was followed out but Mr. Lincoln was not able to retain it. Stone was seated on the edge of the bed when Lincoln passed away. Apparently viewed from the military aspect of the situation, Surgeon-General Joseph K. Barnes was the ranking medical adviser present. At about 2 A. M. he searched for the bullet but the ordinary silver probe was too short. He then secured a longer probe and discovered the bullet but did not try to remove it. Passing the bullet he was confronted with broken segments of the right orbital plate of the frontal bone, but no further attempts were made to explore the injury. The task seems to have fallen to Dr. Ezra W. Abbott to keep the chart of the condition of the President dur- ing the night. Thirty-three different times he made notations. His first entry was made at 11:00 when he noted that the pulse rate was 41. Other notations follow: 12:00, pulse 45, respiration 22; 1:00, pulse 86, respira- tion 30; 4:15, pulse 60, respiration 25; 6:00, pulse failing, respiration 28; 7:00, symptoms of immediate dissolution; 7:22, death. Dr. Abbott also noted that Mrs. Lincoln, who occupied a room just across the hall, came to the bedside of the President with Robert Lincoln at 1:45 and remained until 2:10, returning again at 3:00. Altogether there were at least sixteen physicians who were at Lincoln's bedside at some time during the fateful night, and their names are to be found alphabetically arranged on this page. PXRSOHS PRSSBHT AT D2ASR-BED 07 LINCOLN The following persons were reported to have boon present at the death-bed when -Abraham Lincoln patted away at 7:22 a.m., -April 15, 1865: Surgeon-General Barnes Secretary Stanton Secretary Welles Secretary Usher General Speed General Derail ton At at. Secretary Field At st. Secretary Otto Governor Ggleeby (Illinois) Senator Sinner Secretary McQulloch General Meigs General Augur Private Secretary John Hay Hobert Lincoln General Balleek Her. rhineat Gurley Dr. Chart, et 5aft Col. Tinotnt Atst. General Haynie New Light on Lincoln's Death Hrtt WHAT happened on the tragic night of April 14, 1865, after Booth shot Lincoln at Ford's The- ater in Washington? Here is a previously unpublished eyewitness account of Lincoln's last hours, re- cently discovered among some family papers by Dr. Josephine Hemenway Kenyon, of New York City. It was in the form of a letter by her great-uncle, George Fran- cis, who happened to be living across the street from the theater at the time of the assassination. "The President died in our house," Mr. Francis wrote to a niece, "and we witnessed that heartbreaking scene. At the time of the murder, we were about get- ting into bed. I had changed my clothes and shut off the gas, when we heard such a terrible scream that we ran to the front window to see what it could mean. We saw a great commotion in the theater — some running in, others hurrying out — and we could hear hundreds of voices mingled in the greatest confusion. "Presently we heard someone say, 'The President is shot!' I hurried on my clothes and ran out across the street as they brought him out of the theater. Poor man! I could see, as the gaslight fell upon his face, that it was deathly pale, and that his eyes were closed. They carried him out into the street and into our house, and passed on to the little room in the back of the building, at the end of the hall. "Mrs. Lincoln came in soon after, accompanied by Major Rath- bone and Miss Harris. She was perfectly frantic. ' Where is my husband? Where is my husband?' she cried, wringing her hands in the greatest anguish. As she ap- proached his bedside, she bent over him, kissing him again and again, exclaiming, 'How can it be so? Do speak to me! ' "Secretary Stanton, Secretary Welles and all the members of the Cabinet except Secretary Seward came in and remained all night. Our front parlor was given up to Mrs. Lincoln and her friends. The back parlor — our bedroom — was occupied by Secretary Stanton. Judge Cartter held an informal court there, and it was full of people. " Mrs. Lincoln went in to see her husband occasionally. Robert Lin- coln was with her. Rev. Dr. Gur- ley was there, and made a prayer by the bedside of the President, and then in the parlor with Mrs. Lincoln. Mr. Lincoln was insensi- ble from the first, and there was no hope from the moment he was shot. As he lay on the bed, the only sign of life he exhibited was his breath- ing. About two o'clock he began to breathe harder and with more and more difficulty, until he died. A Cabinet meeting was then held in our back parlor, and, soon after, most of the people left. About two hours after he died, the President was carried up to the President's home." That was all, except that when Mrs. Lincoln left, her bonnet could not be found, and she had to bor- row one from Mrs. Francis. This mystery was subsequently ex- plained by the niece who received the above letter. She learned that "some enterprising young men who had rooms in the house" had seen the bonnet lying on a bed, "and reasoning among themselves that Mrs. Lincoln would have no further use for such a bonnet," had taken it off and cut it up for souve- nirs. — DOROTHY HEMENWAY VAN ARK. >**P /%/ Z3-- THE DEATHBED SCENE. Many Pictures Iliive Keen Mitde of It. Here la mi Authentic One. No census taker or student of figures ami statistics has undertaken to sum up the number of "deathbed scenes" of Lincoln. For awhile just after the un- happy event it seemed as if every artist in the laud was seized with a desire to make the picture, and they all tried their hands. Some of these are very amusing to a critical eye. There is one in which nearly every prominent man of that time is represented as being pres- ent. Only the doctor 6eems interested in the dying statesman. All the others are looking at the camera, each with an tiny s T-r :' /rid mm lift. AUTHENTIC PICTURE OF LINCOLN'S DEATH. expression as if the picture man had said, "Now, gentlemen, look pleasant, please," as he dropped the cap from the camera. This picture represents Mrs. Lincoln kneeling at the bedside. She was not present at the time of the death of her husband. She -was with hiin a few min- utes after lie was removed from the the- ater, but owing to his conditiou and her great grief, which she could not repress, she was taken away and did not see him again until after he was dead. The deathbed scene as given in this article is authentic. It is from a copy of the orig- inal in the Oldroyd collection. Its cor- rectness was made certain by statements from Mr. Welles and others who were in the room at the moment, and each in the position and place as represented in the cut. — Chicago Tribune. THE TRAGIC COINCIDENCE OF LINCOLN'S President was carried into Peterson's boarding ASSASSINATON — On the tragic night of April house at 516 Tenth street, diagonally across M iogc l a i i i ■ i i j from the theatre. The dying Lincoln was carried 14, lbbb, when Abraham Lincoln was struck down . . -«X t i J tl . . into a convenient room with a long bed. 1 liut within the Ford Theatre, several coincidences bc< f on Wll ich Lincoln died the next morning had took place whose striking import was unmistak- previously been occupied by John Wilkes Booth, able. The strangest of thetn was that the dying y, the President's assassin. Mill ' Bill II SlililillllllllllUIIIIIIIIKiU, them was that the dying - the President s assassin. / I r ' ) » 'j^,igt ; J0)f^,«.j|.4 u ,,i*Bi«LJ£»,..i ../fgHptoji^M' nfrffl i M M I M iil H / •■ it j . i / Jl&l I°I7 LINCOLN LORE tt / f% ~7 • J~J~ '■#}. t w - **, #" p * f*f y^" ' * / ' ^r-§C^Z From the Lincoln National Life Foundation Denton Ceoghegan, from whom Thomas Lincoln had a contract for getting out lumber for a mill, listed for taxation twenty slaves in 1816. people of similar interest. This led to the formation of the Kentucky State Pomological and Horticultural So- ciety of which Haycraft was the Corresponding Secre- tary. At their first convention the members met in Elizabethtown on October 12 and 13, 1865. An 18 page pamphlet of the transactions of this first session has been preserved in the collection. Haycraft is best remembered for his A History of Elizabethtown, Kentucky And Its Surroundings, written in 1869. He is also well known to Lincoln students as a correspondent of Abraham Lincoln, having written to the future President six different letters and receiving in return five replies, all before Lincoln was inaugurated President of the United States. (See Lincoln Lore 1530, "Lincoln-Haycraft Correspondence" August 1965). In the preparation of his history, Haycraft carried on an extensive correspondence with those who might best remember the early historical events of Elizabethtown and Hardin County. A large file of such correspondence, containing biographical sketches of prominent residents, is today available for those students interested in this particular field of Kentucky history. Haycraft also corresponded with Richard H. Collins who wrote and compiled Collins' History of Kentucky, which was pub- lished in 1878. In a letter to Haycraft dated May 4, 1872, Collins commented on A History of Elizabethtown, Kentucky as follows: "I have seldom read more interest- ing and entertaining matter any where ... I will of course, give you the credit for what I have condensed from your work — not 100th part in quantity of yours, but all that I can spare room for." While Haycraft's history is considered a valuable collateral work by most Lincoln collectors, his un- published notes also reveal some interesting information concerning the Fifteenth President James Buchanan. The Helm-Haycraft collection contains quite a number of pages and fragments of Haycraft's original hand- written manuscript along with his rough notes relative to Elizabethtown history. One such note follows: "Late President Buchanan about the year 1813 or 1814 came to Ky — coming down the Ohio in a flatboat with Major James Crutcher and Thomas S. Crutcher with their goods." The Crutchers owned and operated a store in Eliza- bethtown and made frequent trips to Pennsylvania to purchase goods for this store. Young Buchanan came to Kentucky as a lawyer to protect his father's landed interests. Other statements by such historians as Little and Collins corroborate Haycraft in regard to Buchanan's residence in Elizabethtown. It is a most interesting fact that in the year 1813 or 1814 the future Fifteenth and Sixteenth Presidents of the United States resided in Hardin County within fifteen or twenty miles of each other. Because of the many facets of the Helm-Haycraft Collection a new catalogue is now in process. An effort is being made to catalogue the collection in depth with hundreds of guide cards to the many different types and forms of information in the collection. Due to the large number of papers which mention "Samuel Haycraft," considerable difficulty is sometimes encountered in de- ciding whether the name refers to Sr. (1752-1823) or Jr. (1795-1878). This is especially true of manuscripts bearing no date. Little difficulty is encountered in de- termining the signatures. In fact, quite a sizeable quan- tity of manuscripts bearing no date are found in the collection. These are to be catalogued alphabetically. The collection is large in bulk, interesting in content and awaiting students and historians who may some day find it a veritable mine of information. Up to date it has only been searched for Thomas Lincoln docu- ments (references) and those of his contemporaries, and the quest has been most rewarding. Editor's Note: An additional cut pertaining to the Helm-Haycraft Collection appears on page 4. — R.G.M. "Captain Robert Lincoln has sent the carriage for Mrs. Dixon." April 14, 1865 Editor's Note: The editor is grateful to Miss Judith A. Schiff. Chief Reference Specialist, Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library, for bringing Mrs. Dixon's original letter to his attention. R. G. M. Historians have had little to say about Mrs. James Dixon who was present at Lincoln's deathbed at the Petersen house following the President's assassination at Ford's Theatre. She was the wife of Senator James Dixon (1814-1873) of Connecticut. Her maiden name was Elizabeth Lord Cogswell and her father was the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Cogswell, a professor in the Connecticut The- ological Institute. She married James Dixon in 1840. The Republican senator and his wife were unusually friendly to the Lincoln administration and even tsup- ported the administration of Andrew Johnson to the extent that he voted against the sufficiency of the arti- cles of impeachment and from that date he participated no longer in the councils of the Republican party. He retired from public life in 1869. However, the reason for Mrs. Dixon's presence at the Petersen house on April 14th, 1865 can be attributed to Robert T. Lincoln, who thoughout his mother's lifetime was most solicitous for her welfare. Undoubtedly, Lin- coln's eldest son believed Mrs. Dixon would be a comfort to his mother during the tragic event. Whether or not this was the case is unknown. However, every indica- tion is that she was a most sympathetic friend. Fortunately, a letter has come to light which provides some details concerning Mrs. Dixon's visit to the Peter- sen house. The letter written in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1866 is addressed to Othniel C. Marsh by y LINCOLN LORE jt- / 5^7 OF — Bff— « -**-^^*»^-— 1 ■ ■> - II .b. <ll. urv «• - ilrrrrf M" rt>* Ihn ,11 M < In. oil < mirf, In tbr F.<|Hit> ra DM of Kobrrt T. \anmrtrr, H Hindu < •«•, «iid <*).lr*« Ur<.,. ,,, Bsaln-i John (or nnd oibfrx, prenonnrrJ il Juljlrrm, lM3f», I "lll.nnittr^ 31st daj of December, 1859, At it., lair rryldrnrr or John «'•<•, <(<r<-n«-j, komIk ibr •rcnMnri »f Robert T. IxiDKlrr, nt the b>rk« »f iltlcr t rrck. la Hardin ItDnlj, I3 6r 18 mtlrtt lr« m EIImWHimwii, tII, to thr fUchr*l bidder, at patti< nwikon, THREE UKELI NEGROES, « <m--l>i.ns of l-n o vattmblr LUCY, AXN/AXD PETER, tbr hiurr nndrr IO year* of age , TERMS OF SALE. Tbr mi Jr will be on ■ rrrilli «f < luhl tnoniht, ifir parruiinf-r lo jhf bund "»» lib upprcird arrarily, .0 bear talcrrmf from Ibr dnj oiwalr; to burr Ibr lorer and • 111 11 '>( a ri-ulc* In bond ml mnuu-ilr, and la or uiadr parable. 10 Ibr tin* drr.lRnrd. siimii, llivimrr. Cam'r. Orlobrr loih, 1%.1«. Il.n. mi ilir omr iliif, n 11T) TalouMn 7oana llrffre num, un imsi- cralll and ut Ibr «amr place. H. IS. From the Lincoln National Life Foundation Hardin County, Kentucky, Commissioner's Sale of Valu- able Negroes dated December 31, 1859. This slave broad- side (11%" x 15%") is of unusual significance because it relates to slavery in the community where Lincoln was born, fifty years earlier, and Samuel Haycraft, Jr. who conducted the sale was a correspondent of Abraham Lincoln, having written to the future president six differ- ent letters and receiving in return five replies all before Lincoln was inaugurated President of the United States. (Lincoln Lore 1530, August, 1965 "Lincoln-Haycraft Correspondence) . Early Lincoln biographers have attempted to prove that slavery was a negligible factor in the community life of Hardin County when the Lincolns resided there. Available records indicate otherwise. In 1811 the tax list for Hardin County shows that there were then 1,007 slaves listed for taxation. This same year, the white male population above sixteen years of age, was 1,627. This would indicate an average of at least two slaves for each family in the county. In 1813 one Hardin County resident alone listed fifty-eight Negroes in his possession. Elizabeth Dixon. The original letter is a part of the Othniel Charles Marsh papers of the Manuscript and Archives Department of the Yale University Library. An excerpt from the letter, dated April 14, 1866 from Washington, D.C., follows: ". . . We were with her (Mrs. Sigourney) during her last illness and death. This day also recalls the murder of President Lincoln. I had been to Church that day (Good Friday) & went to the Hos- pital, remaining all day & until quite late, so that Bessie & Clemmie were ready to return with me. "We were all very tired & had retired at half past eight. I had fallen asleep & was awoke by a carriage dashing up to the door. I heard a man ask if Senator Dixon lived here & said he had a mes- sage from Captain Robert Lincoln for Mrs. Dixon. I knew Capt. Lincoln was in the army & immediately thought of Jamie & that he probably had some bad news for me. "I threw open the window & asked what the matter was. my heart standing still. The gentleman had been sent for me & he replied : 'Captain Robert Lincoln has sent the carriage for Mrs. Dixon & wants her to come to his mother as quickly as possible — the President is dead.' "I thought he had died at the White House suddenly & said : 'Certainly I will go, as soon as possible.' Mr. Dixon & Harry were in Hartford, Jamie in the Army & we had only a young friend of Jamie's staying here — to take care of us. Mr. Kinney fortunately had recently returned that morning from Richmond, so I sent for him & when I was ready I learned that the President had been murdered at the Theatre & we were to go to the house opposite where he had been taken. "So we proceeded there & I remained with Mrs. Lincoln all night, part of the time beside the murdered President & then we would persuade her to go out for a few moments. I went home with her to the White House. The next morning, a scene of desolation & honor truly. "I have forbidden artists from putting me into the picture repre- senting the death of the President. I was so haunted by it & so nervous, that I did not wish the association perpetuated & thought it would be very unpleasant to see such a picture advertised or on exhibition. The newspaper reporters have a way of putting every- thing into the papers & I told one of them that I would pay him if he ever saw our names goinfc into the paper, to keep them out." Mrs. Dixon stated in her letter that she had forbidden artists from putting her into pictures representing the death of the President. That statement was undoubtedly true in regard to published pictures in 1866, but she did appear in John B. Bachelder's engraving, which was begun in 1865, along with Mrs. Lincoln, Miss Harris, Mrs. Kinney and her daughter. Mary Cogswell Kinney was a sister of Mrs. Dixon, and her daughter Constance was of course Mrs. Dixon's niece. Bachelder made arrangements with Brady & Co. photographers to make pictures of all those present at the deathbed, shortly after the remains of the Presi- dent left the city. Apparently, Mrs. Dixon cooperated with the artist and posed in the position she occupied by the deathbed. Forty-seven people were depicted in the Bachelder engraving. Fortunately, a key was published which allows one to identify Mrs. Dixon with certainty. The engraving was executed by B. H. Hall, Jr., the eminent engraver upon steel. Next, the design was placed in the hands of Alonzo Chappel, an historical painter. His painting bears the date of 1868. In the key published by Bachelder Mrs. Dixon looks directly toward the dying President which conceals many of the features of her face. However, in the Chappel painting she looks in the direction of Robert T. Lincoln which reveals the important features of her face. A further indication of Mrs. Dixon's cooperation with Bachelder and Chappel was her willingness to sign a statement as follows: "We the undersigned visited the late President Lincoln at his bedside during his last hours. We have since sat for a likeness to be used ex- pressly in the composition of the Historical Painting of that event, designed by John B. Bachelder and painted by Alonzo Chappel." Mrs. Dixon's signature is written E. L. Dixon. Why Mrs. Dixon changed her mind about forbidding artists from putting her into a picture representing the death of the President, we will likely never know. ( From the Lincoln National Life Foundation A section of the Chappel painting "The Last Hours of Lincoln" depicting Mrs. Dixon seated at the left of the kneeling Mrs. Lincoln. Civil War T ILLUSTRATED Editorial Ollices Box 1831, Harrisburg, Pa. 17105 Phono (717) 234-5091 S CiaadtK H "nryva^ (tS^OC^Cj May 19, 1977 Mr. Victor D. Spark 1000 Park Avenue New,. York, N. Y. 100 2 8 Dear Mr. Spark: A million thanks for the photographs you so kindly sent. We were especially fascinated by the Burns painting of Lincoln's last moments since we had never seen this before. We were also intrigued by the painting mentioned in the xerox letter you also enclosed, "Two Confederate Guerillas." Would it be possible to obtain a print of this? It sounds like it might make a good cover at some point. We also appreciate your kind words; every day we are reminded anew of the remarkable generosity and concern of our subscribers. Sincerely, Cfijrf. Charles F. Codhe' Managing Editor" jw / VICTOR D. SPARK 1000 PARK. AVENUE NEW YORK. N. Y. 10028 Area Code 212 988-9803 AMERICAN AND CONTINENTAL PAINTINGS DRAWINGS AND WORKS OF ART APPRAISALS August 1, 1977 Dr. Mark E. Neely, Jr. Director The Lincoln National Life Foundation Lincoln Library and Museum 1301 South Harrison Street Fort Wayne, Indiana 46802 Dear Dr. Neely, I would like to bring to your attention a painting of the Last Moments of Abraham Lincoln by J. Burns, signed and dated 1866 at the lower right. It is the only picture I have seen that shows Mrs. Lincoln's head on the bed over her dying husband. IN all the literature I have read she actually threw herself over her husband. The old nameplate that came with the picture bore the title. The price is $12,000. If the picture is of interest we would be glad to ship it to you on approval. Appreciating your kind advice, I remain Sincerely yours, Victor Spark VS/y INDLY ADDRESS ALL EXPRESS SHIPMENTS TO: V. SPARK, c o CIRKER'S HAYES STORAGE -305 EAST 61st STREET, NEW YORK CITY THE LOUIS A. WARREN LINCOLN LIBRARY AND MUSEUM 1300 SOUTH CLINTON STREET/ TORT WAYNE. INDIANA 46801 MADK E. NEELY, JR. August 26, 1977 Director Telephone (219) 424-5421 Mr. Victor Spark 1000 Park Avenue New York, N. Y. 10028 Dear Mr. Spark: I am afraid that $12,000 is out of our price range at the moment, though I certainly think that your painting vould be a desirable addition to our collections. I am enclosing a copy of one of our monthly bulletins which dealt with Lincoln deathbed scenes. The Altschvager print on page U also shows the widow in a similar position. I appreciate your offering us this painting, and I regret that we must turn it down. From time to time we do purchase such things, and we would appreciate being considered when other similar items come along. I am returning your photograph herewith. Yours truly, iit . Mark E. Neely, Jr. MEN/slm Enc. D The Journal-Gazette Friday February 8, 1985 r bbfi £.i: ?%■ PZze^t- r f&3 f »!>< l T J Photo shows Lincoln's death bed By DELL FORD Statt Wnier A, mcn^aiis have been ^ uncus about Abraham Lincoln's death since me day he died, Mark F. Neel) Jr said, glancing at the nijiicd photograph on his desk. \nd," he added, "they still are." Neely, director of the Louis A. Warren Lincoln Library and Museum, 1 300 S. Clinton St., said he gets as manv questions about Lincoln's death as about his life. For mat reason, the photograph on his desk should be of more than ^asaal interest to museum visitors. \c M aired trom a private collector in December, the photo is of the room u here Lincoln died. It has New exhibit WHERE: Lincoln Library and \lu-i-um, Lincoln National I .:l Insurance t c>.. 1300 S. ( !::;:o.n S; HOURS: 5 5 u : ::, to 4 30 p.m. M : c.l ; ■ ji, l hijrsday .-.'*. ? 3U u :r. :., 12 30 p.m. i V.C: . ADMISSION: Free TELEPHONE: 427-3864 become a part of one of the museum's collection of memorabilia, sure to be of interest to those who wish to take note of Lincoln's Feb. 12 birthday. The sepia-toned, 8-by-6 3 /4 inch photo is captioned: "View of the room in which President Lincoln died Saturday morning April 15, 1865. at the residence of William Petersen. No. 453 10th Street, Washington D. C , opposite Ford's Theaii e. The room was occupied bv W illiam T. Clark of Massachusetts." The sole existing print (as far as Neely knows), the photograph was recorded by Julius Like, a boarder at the Petersen House across the street from Ford's Theatre where Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth. "He had the presence of mind," See LINCOLN, Page 9D Popular prints gave Lincoln's last moments a larger locale D The Journal-Gazette Friday February 8, 1985 Lincoln From Pag* 10. Neely said, "to go into the room after Lincoln's body was removed and set up his apparatus. Lincoln died at 7:22 a.m. You can see the morning light coming through the open door (of the room), so the photograph probably was taken about 9 or 9:30." Ulke, Neely said, took at least two photographs. "We know of two. He no doubt was going to try and sell them. That's what he had in mind, I'm sure. But he never did it." Offering one possible explanation for Ulke's failure to sell the photo- graphs, Neely said photos were taken of Lincoln lying in state in New York City. "But the War Department ordered those photos be destroyed because Mrs. Lincoln didn't want any photographs. It's sheer specula- tion, but Ulke probably figured from this he couldn't sell his photographs." What adds interest to Ulke's death room scene is it's stark con- trast to the lithographs which were artists' imaginative renderings of the deathbed scene. One such rendering, Neely said, shows about a dozen people gath- ered about the bed where Lincoln had been placed. Another depicts 46 mourners. "The room was very small," Neely said, pointing to the Ulke photo. "It couldn't have accommo- dated that many people. But at the time, this was the way a great man was supposed to die. Like a medie- val knight, with his family, ser- vants, retainers. In Lincoln's case, prominent politicians, cabinet members, members of his family." While it may seem "really grim to us today — not very appetizing and generally distasteful, mourning practices were different then. It was common practice, for instance, to wear a locket with a lock of hair of a deceased loved one. "In the 19th century," Neely said. "death was great and sex was bad. In the 20th century, sex is great and we don't talk about death. Today, people die in hospitals behind a screen with no one present except perhaps a nurse and one or two family members. Death is a private, forbidden subject — taboo. No one wants to talk about it." The Ulke photograph, the direc- tor said, will be placed in the Lin- coln's death exhibit which includes a reward poster for the assassins and two popular prints of Lincoln's deathbed scene. Calling the Ulke photo a good acquisition, Neely said, "Any time you get a unique item in the Lincoln field, it's a good acquisition. Any time you can buy something that's the first, the last, the best or the only, it's a good acquisition."